wpe50.jpg (1913 bytes)      TigerSoft News Service     4/1/2008    www.tigersoft.com    
                                       Last updated  4/7/2008 - Come back here often.  I will keep it posted,
                                      and give links below to new offerings that look good.
                                                                           4/3/2008 Crow Springs Cabochon. Ebay $18.
If you have some nice turquoise for sale, email me and I will post it here for free.
                                      This site has been created for aesthetic, not commercial, reasons.  Contrinutions are
                                      welcome.   Investors may want to see what I have to say about stocks and precious metals,
                                      politics, jobs, Iraq, Bush and finance, among many other topics..
                                      Visit www.tigersoft.com  and http://www.tigersoft.com/Tiger-Blogs/index.htm
                        OF NATIVE BLUES AND GREENS

                       Do you know where your turquoise is .... from?

                 wpeA8.jpg (7981 bytes)      See if you can identify where this is from the samples below.

Morenci, Kingman, Landers, BlueGem, Royston, Carico Lake, Cripple Creek,
            Cerrillos, Easter Blue, Sleeping Beauty, Hatchita, Ithaca Peak, Carico Lake,
            Stone Moutain, Stormy Moutain...and many more mines.

               I have tried to give full credit to the pictures shown here. If you have an objection to their
               being shown here or would like to make a correction to what has been said, please
               contact me -  william_schmidt@hotmail.com    Thank you for your permission to use these
               wonderful pictures.  I hope they will bring much new interest to this captivating field.

                     wpeA8.jpg (28495 bytes)                             wpeA8.jpg (7946 bytes)
     32.5 Ct, Blue Gem Turquoise with gold matrix.  Set in Gold.                                                  Lander Blue Web Turquoise.

            They're beautiful and not bad investments.  The retail
             price for the best stones have easily risen 15-20 fold since 1974,
             when the turquoise fervor peaked in the 1970s

Use this list to see if you're looking for the "real thing".    Each mine
             has distinctive coloration.  

                      --------------------------------    by William Schmidt, Ph.D.  ----------------------------------------
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I taught silver-smithing in a rehabilitation program in Santa Fe, as an alternative to military service.
I am a Quaker and am a "conscientious objector"   I had never seen such deep blue turquoise
or deep blue skies until I moved to New Mexico in 1973.  I have always been fascinated by how
well the colors sky blue and light brown go together.  I dearly love New Mexico.

wpeF9.jpg (41912 bytes)

Persian Turquoise

Outside the Southwest, jewelers sell rings and pendants made mostly with
a very standardized blue turquoise.  It has little non-blue matrix and comes
in very regular shapes.  
wpe103.jpg (7274 bytes)

In the Southwest turquoise comes in many colors,
shapes and a wide variety of natural matrices.
It is this rich variety that I wish to catalogue here
for the viewers', and my own, pleasure and edification.  

In The Rough
wpeB0.jpg (15615 bytes)

Turquoise Chemistry
CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 . 5H20 + Fe
The International Gem Society writes:

                                  "Chemically, turquoise is a hydrated copper/aluminum phosphate, of aggregate,
                                     cryptocrystalline structure. There is only one known deposit, in the state of Virginia,
                                     where turquoise is found in transparent to translucent visible crystals. Specimens from
                                     that locale are rare and bring a hefty price from collectors. More typically, turquoise is
                                     found as an opaque deposit in nodules, or veins within host rocks, or as shallow crusts
                                     on the surface of rocks."
                                            Color ranges through shades of blue to blue-green, to yellowish green depending
                                     on the amount of copper which adds blue, or chromium and vanadium which gives it
                                     a green hue, or iron which produces a more yellow variety.  There are also rare
                                     specimens of blue-violet color which contain strontium impurities.
                                            "In general, US mines produce slightly greenish blue, to green gems due to
                                     high iron and vanadium content. Most turquoise rough contains patches or veins of the
                                     host rock in which it formed, such as chalcedony or opal, brown limonite, black chert,
                                    or white kaolinite.  Such matrix can affect the color and toughness of the stone and its
                                    workability for the lapidary or jeweler. Relatively pure specimens of turquoise might
                                    have a hardness of around 5 and be moderately porous. In general, a high proportion
                                   of silicate minerals increases hardness and decreases the porosity, while a high content
                                   of clay minerals, has the opposite effect. On one end of this spectrum, then, we find
                                   pieces of hardness 5.5 to 6 that take a bright polish and are minimally porous, and on the
                                  other end are pieces of a soft and chalky nature with so much porosity as to be unusable
                                  without stabilization.
                                            "Turquoise occurs, usually in arid regions, where ground water percolates
                                  through aluminous rock in the vicinity of copper deposits. Like malachite, it is a
                                 secondary mineral which forms through the interaction of pre-existing minerals and their
                                 solutions. "


Stabilizing versus Colonization Treatments

                                     Turquoise stones are often "treated".  Turquoise is only a moderately hard stone.
                   So, it is usually "stabilized" with a backing and then polished.  This is normal and to be expected.
                   High quality turquoise is not harmed or diminished in value with a backing.  Stabilizing can be
                   done without changing its color using a resin called "Opticon".  When a stone is "backed",  it has
                   been coated on one side with an epoxy or liquid steel type of compound. This allows softer stones
                   (especially Turquoise) to be more safely cut and polished.  It also lets them be set by the jeweler more
                    easily.   The stone can stand out above the bezel that holds the stone tightly in place.   The backing
                   also protects the stone when it is worn.   Some collectors do not like backings because it is not
                   natural and and adds to the cost of the stone.  But most South West silversmiths use backed stones

                                  Becuase high quality, naturally deep blue or deep green turquoise is relatively scarce,
                   a good many turquoise dealers artificially deepen its color to make it more sellable.  Color "treated"
                   turquoise has very little value.
   A plastic, which has a color dye, is impreganted using pressure.
                   Shoe polish is used by these dealers to give the matrix (the non-turquoise part of the stone) a more
                   webbed effect.  If you buy them off EBAY and the dealer does not tell you the stones are  "not
                   color treated", it is likely the color has been enhanced artificially and the stone is worth little.

                                                           wpeA8.jpg (5362 bytes)

                                                             wpe13F.jpg (27693 bytes)
                                                             I suspect a gold colored epoxy has been added
                                                             to this stone to the matrix more appealing.

                                                             Skin Oils will will Turn Blue Turquoise Green

If you rub your turquoise, the skin oils will eventually turn green a naturally blue turquoise.
                    I prefer the original colors.  If you want to have the stone retain its original color, don't run it for
                    "luck".   I am told a smoker may alter the stone's color more easily and much more quickly.   Perhaps,
                    they touch the stone more.  So, there's another reason not to smoke.


Know Your Stones - Buy Only Quality - Make A Smart Investment
Homer Milfred - NM BLM Report on Abandoned Mines, 1994.

  • High Grade Natural Turquoise: found in all shades from sky blue to apple green. It is the hardest grade and takes the best polish.
    The contrast between the color of turquoise and the color of matrix {or mother rock} enhances the beauty of each stone. Many
    mines produce distinctive stones whose origin can be identified by an experienced person. 
  • Enhanced turquoise: The Zachery or Foutz process impregnates turquoise with vaporized quartz. This makes the stone harder,
    darkens the color and takes a good polish. This process is hard to detect by normal methods because quartz occurs naturally
    with some turquoise.
  • Stabilized or Treated Turquoise: American manufacturers have perfected a process using pressure and heat to fill the
    microscopic gaps in the stone with plastic resin. When cured the product is a treated stone hard enough to cut and polish.
    Most nugget and some heishi products are made from real turquoise that has been stabilized. Stabilization allows genuine
    but lower grade turquoise to be used in jewelry.

  • Wax Treated: Much of the turquoise from China is wax impregnated. The paraffin treatment deepens and stabilizes the color
    but only affects the surface.
  • Reconstituted: This term describes pulverized turquoise scrap from stone cutting mixed with blue dye and plastic binder.
    Most products marketed under this name should really by labeled as simulated “block”. Compressed Nugget is a similar
    product made from larger pieces.
  • Block: A mixture of plastic resin and dyes that is produced in loaf sized blocks. We used to call this reconstituted because
    we were told it was made from ground up turquoise scraps. In reality there is no actual rock of any sort in block turquoise;
    it is entirely man-made and should be labeled “simulated”. Block is produced in many colors, simulating many different
    stones and shells. Except for occasional batches of Lapis Block that contain ground up iron pyrite, these are entirely simulated.
    Block is used heavily for inlay and heishi.
  • Dyed Stones: There are several naturally occurring stones that look similar to turquoise when they are dyed blue. These include
    Howlite, a white rock with black or gray markings, and Magnite or Magnesite, a chalky white mineral that forms in rough
    nodules looking faintly like the vegetable cauliflower. Other simulations include glass, plastic, faience ceramic and polymer clay.

                                               BEWARE - Treated, Blue-Dye impregnated stones.
      Watch out for stones that are "too uniformly blue", especially    when they are advertised as a
      "silica" (not a turquoise) and mention the color to be a   "deeply saturated blue".  Much of the
      turquoise from China is wax impreganted.  Chalky lower grade turquoise is treated with a plastic resin
      or epoxy under pressure.  An artifical blue color is added over time.   Interstingly, untreated
      turquoise will turn green over time, whereas turquoise that has been treated will not.  If a
      stone has been treated, it may emit a plastic smell when heated. For more information, go to
      http://www.eaglerocktradingpost.com/turquoise.htm#50640043   and
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turquoise    Ask where your turquoise comes from.  Compare it with
      the samples shown here to judge its authenticity.

    wpe124.jpg (11176 bytes)  wpe125.jpg (14620 bytes)

                                             Touring Turquoise Country in The Southwest Is Fun

    Tours of Mines:

   $100 -  Tonopah - Royston Turquoise Mine - with 2 week advanced notice. http://www.roystonturquoise.com/minetours.htm
wpeF8.jpg (28020 bytes)

wpe95.jpg (73778 bytes)
        Another superb picture -          

    Primary sources used for this web-page are:
     http://www.durangosilver.com/Nevadaturquoisemines.htm - lists many new and very small mines.
     Nice spider-web images from many mines: http://www.redstreakdesigns.com/turquoise%20files/turquoise/turquoise.html
     http://www.usturquoise.com/   He offers a convenient list of Arizona, Colorado, Nevada and New Mexico mines.

                      TURQUOISE SAMPLES

 Ackerman Canyon - 30 miles NE of Austin, Nevada.   Not producing now.  Stones from here
range from light blue to a translucent emerald greed.  Green variscite also was produced here.

Ajax Turquoise Mine -
South central Nevada in the Royston area.  New...Currently producing.
  Colors vary. Some cabs show a light blue but a dark green with dark veins is more common.  
The colors
  are often intense and blues and greens can appear in the same stone.  Read some more of this
  mine's history at http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/minepage/minestory.html   The mine is near Mina, NV
  and is on the edge of Death Valley just above the oild town of Columbis which produced tons of borax.

      wpe177.jpg (11648 bytes)                     wpe178.jpg (11794 bytes)
wpe9A.jpg (5358 bytes) http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml
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Austin - 12 miles South of Austin.  Produced deep blue turquoise with a black matrix briefly arounf 1970.
  No pictures avaiable.  If you have one, please send to william_schmidt@hotmail.com
Apache Turquoise - Mine is near Tonopah and Austin Nevada.  Only started producing two years ago.
Variscite also is produced here.
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Battle Mountain Nevada.  There was a lot of Battle Mountain in the early 1970s.   It has gotten
  much scarcer.  It has jumped from $. 30/Ct. to $6.00/Ct.
  The green turquoise then was not valued
  very highly.  Much was wasted.
   Each stone is like a miniature Impressionist painting.
wpe179.jpg (13078 bytes) wpe17A.jpg (9756 bytes) wpe17B.jpg (12182 bytes)

wpeFF.jpg (12940 bytes) 
wpe14E.jpg (13399 bytes) $88.

wpe14F.jpg (25052 bytes) $600.wpe152.jpg (5520 bytes)$190

wpe150.jpg (5520 bytes)  $198
Bisbee Mine Distinctive deep blue and a uniquw lavender shaded dark brown matrix. 
Near Bisbee, Arizona. This was a part of the Bisbee copper mine.  Copper miners would 
"high-grade" the turquoise stones.  They would take the best turquoise and stick it into their
pockets and sell it to turquoise hunters in bars int he evening.  Bisbee turquoise developed
a reputation for being very hard, finely webbed, and having a naturally brilliant blue stone. 
The highest grade of Bisbee was found at less then 100 feet, however, at Lavender Pit, good
Bisbee was discovered at 2,000 feet. Bisbee is one of the most expensive turquoises because
of its rarity,  hardness and lustrous blue.  Phelps Dodge has declared Bisbee depleted and buried the mine
under 50 feet of dirt to prevent people from hurting themselves in the dark mines.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bisbee_Blue
See images at  http://www.redstreakdesigns.com/turquoise%20files/turquoise/turquoise.html

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  wpe4F.jpg (8311 bytes)
           wpe52.jpg (8817 bytes)

   wpe55.jpg (8317 bytes)                         wpe56.jpg (8827 bytes)

    wpe95.jpg (21106 bytes) wpe96.jpg (21857 bytes)
      $699  http://www.silversun-sf.com/custom/items/p236.htm    
    $165  http://www.twinrocks.com/products/5876-Navajo-Pentagon-Shaped-Bisbee-Turquoise-Ring-Eugene-Livingston.html
  wpe97.jpg (13881 bytes)   wpe97.jpg (24682 bytes)
   $225    http://www.twinrocks.com/products/5832-Navajo-Silver-Bisbee-Turquoise-Ring-Toby-Henderson.html
   wpeA0.jpg (13679 bytes)                              wpeCE.jpg (8726 bytes)  $425
                          Set in Gold - $766
   http://turquoisebuffalo.com/page/TBG/PROD/2BT/GJA22                 http://www.skystonetrading.com/item.asp?ItemID=31498
Blue Diamond Turquoise - Near Battle Mountain, Nevada. 50 miles north of Austin, Nevada.
The turquoise came from many very small deposits.  These stones have a smokey or blotchy black matrix. 
This mine is now closed  and buried under tons of rock.  

wpe126.jpg (4383 bytes)http://www.usturquoise.com/

wpe100.jpg (3258 bytes)    wpe9E.jpg (4523 bytes)
wpe9E.jpg (12531 bytes) $250  wpe9F.jpg (22960 bytes) $226

wpe153.jpg (10207 bytes) $667
Blue Gem Mine - near Battle Mountain, Nevada.  Starting in 1934, this mine produced turquoise
that occasionally combined bright blues, greens and brown in the same stone.  These colorful combinations
are rare and highly valued by collectors.  The mine has been closed for twenty years.    The deepest regions
of the mine tended to have the deepest blue stones.
See - http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml

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$239 -
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$704 -  http://www.silversun-sf.com/custom/items/b126.htm                         http://www.skystonetrading.com/item.asp?ItemID=31556

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$1,618  http://turquoisebuffalo.com/page/TBG/PROD/blue-gem/GJ80

   Blue Ice - Nevada.  Blue Ice Turquoise is from a new find discovered last year by a prospector named
  William Murdoch, here is what he said "I found this near Yerington, Nevada and named it partly because it looked
  like blue ice and partly because I had to break through a layer of ice to get to it."

  wpe145.jpg (3939 bytes)
  (Source: http://www.durangosilver.com/Nevadaturquoisemines.htm

   Blue June - Northern Nevada.
   See http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/minepage/minestory.html
   wpe181.jpg (15688 bytes) wpe182.jpg (10858 bytes)
   wpe183.jpg (9907 bytes) wpe184.jpg (9433 bytes)

  Blue McGinness - Nevada. 
   wpeFE.jpg (15140 bytes) $2.50/Ct wpe104.jpg (16625 bytes)

   Blue Thunder  -  "An exceptionally fine and beautiful turquoise. Intense, vivid blue interspersed
   with amazing Redish/Brown matrix in a very intricate spiderweb pattern. This Blue Thunder turquoise
   with was found in very minimal quantity in the early 1980’s and is very seldom seen today. It is highly
  sought after by high end contemporary jewelers and collectors, and are rarely available."

  wpe146.jpg (5900 bytes)
   ( Source: http://www.durangosilver.com/Nevadaturquoisemines.htm )

    Blue Thunder    - The stones from here are a combination of turquoise and chrysicola in the same rock.
   See - http://www.durangosilver.com/Nevadaturquoisemines.htm

    Blue Wind - "Probably one of the finest, most unknown Nevada spiderwebs ever. There was very little of
     this stone to come out ...Deep blue with a black spiderweb... A Spider web second only to Lander Blue!
   wpe147.jpg (5230 bytes)

   Bonanza - Nevada.
                 I remember seeing lots of turquoise that looked like this in the early 1970s.  I loved the wild
    mix of colors.  At the time these sold for under 25 cents to 60cents a carot.  The collection of stones
    here is offered at http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/store/82/store.php
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   Broken Arrow - In Canelaria Mining area outside of Mina, Nevada. 
   This is Veracite mixed with Turquoise.

wpeD3.jpg (20961 bytes)

wpe9D.jpg (6621 bytes)  $60.  Ebay.       wpeD2.jpg (13883 bytes)
Turquoise with Variscite.                                    http://turquoisebuffalo.com/page/TBG/PROD/broken-arrow/SPA169

   Bunker Hill - See Royston. Esmeralda County of Nevada.
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    Candelaria Area, Nevada - 50 miles west of Tonopah.  These stones have an irregular, non-webbed, black
    or brown matrix.  The blue is duller and the matrix lacks definition.. It is readily available now.
    See http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml    Some of them are extraordinarily fine.  Look
    at how deep blue the spider-webbed stone below is.  Green verascite often comes from the same mines and the stones
    are often a mix.  Verscite is actually rarer than turquoise and takes a bright polish. .
     wpe185.jpg (14489 bytes)   wpe186.jpg (9285 bytes)

    See spider web images at  
    Candelaria Hills http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/minepage/minestory.html

    wpeA0.jpg (5722 bytes)       wpeFC.jpg (3200 bytes)    wpe127.jpg (3564 bytes)
    Potosi Gold-Silver Mine in Esmeralda County, NV.
    See  http://nevada-outback-gems.com/turquoise_cabs/cut_turquoise_Candelaria.htm        http://www.usturquoise.com/

    wpeCF.jpg (7401 bytes) $338                              wpeD1.jpg (7859 bytes)
   http://www.skystonetrading.com/item.asp?ItemID=31474       http://www.skystonetrading.com/item.asp?ItemID=31469
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    wpeC2.jpg (4377 bytes) wpeC3.jpg (5948 bytes) wpeC4.jpg (3700 bytes)

   wpeCD.jpg (6674 bytes)

  The Candelaria mine also produced some beautiful  green tuequoise.
  The stones below sell for about $1/ct at http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/store/121/store.php
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Carico Lake #6. Not currently a producing mine.   This mine is in Lander County, Nevada.  The
  bright, clear, iridescent green is fresh, Spring-like.  This is due to its zinc content.  Carico is primarily a gold
  producing mine, but individual turquoise miners may lease parts of it. There are actually a number of important
  turquoise mines in the Carico Lake area: Red Mountain, Blue Elephant, Nevada Blue and Northern Lights.
  The Aurora is the largest mine.  When prices rose in the 1970s, large scale mining was initiated and very
  large quantities of turquoise was brought to the market.
  For more details at   http://nevada-outback-gems.com/Nevada_turq_mines/turquoise_mines_of_nevada.htm  
  See - http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml

          Lime green tuequoise (also called Fausite, though it is turquoise) wpe18C.jpg (10632 bytes)
          was not as popular in the 1970s as Blue stones were.  ( http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/minepage/minestory.html )

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   wpe189.jpg (6752 bytes) wpe18A.jpg (8133 bytes)    wpe18B.jpg (7034 bytes)

Carico Lake mine have not been producing any rough for a very long time. Gold settings bring out the matrix's colors.
These stones have a distinctive green.
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wpe6B.jpg (5701 bytes) wpe6C.jpg (4331 bytes) wpe6D.jpg (5224 bytes)
wpe6E.jpg (5726 bytes)   wpeC1.jpg (11277 bytes) bracelet sold for $680.

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Carlin - North of Carlin in Elko Nevada. Not much produced.  Rare now. Dark blue and "hard
black chert matrix"
wpe12F.jpg (5754 bytes)

  Castle Dome  - Globe, Arizona AKA - Pinto Valley.  Rare.  These came from a copper mine about
  five miles west of Miami, Arizona.  The copper mine was opened in 1943 and the mine was closed in 1953.
  Miners were allowed to dig for chunks that varied from a bluish-green to a sky blue on their days off.  Much
  of this turquoise was treated.  In the 1970s, this was the second biggest producing turquoise mine in Arizona,
  yielding 9,000 pounds a month.
wpeA2.jpg (5053 bytes)  wpe11B.jpg (3038 bytes) $279.00 on Ebay.

  Cave Creek - Arizona  This is a new source.  It's small, run by a father and son.  mo
   wpeF6.jpg (5089 bytes)
  Cerrillos (Santa Fe, NM) Mine
  This mine is about 25 miles south of Santa Fe.  It produced   turquoise between 1883 and 1921.  Occasional
   stones are still found in the area.  It is most often a spectacular olive green.  I paid $1/Ct in 1974 for two 35 Ct stones.
   I set one of these stones and sold it. and still have one left.  The colors are said to vary widely because of assortment
   of minerals that it is found with in this once volcanic area.  This is said to be the oldest mine of any kind in North
   America.  It was mined prehistorically.  See http://www.silversun-sf.com/turquoise_info/ajax.htm
    http://www.cerrilloshills.org/mines/mining_history.html and http://www.agmc.info/cerrillos%20hills%20turquoise.htm
    It is the only the American turquoise formed at the base of a volcano.

   wpe130.jpg (6887 bytes)  wpe131.jpg (6101 bytes)

   wpeA3.jpg (4979 bytes)    wpeFA.jpg (8112 bytes)  Ring from 1930s.   $165 .  http://southwesternjewelry.net/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=2372&zenid=579b854c3a895f24d931e36d67a54388
wpe101.jpg (8538 bytes)  $97 -  wpe18D.jpg (7322 bytes) 
  ( http://www.titosgallery.net/cart/index.php?act=viewProd&productId=67 )
  Chinese Turquoise Lots of it has come on market in recent years.  As hard as any in America, it takes a
high polish. "Turquoise today from China accounts for over 60% of the stones sold in the United States, due
to the scarcity of American turquoise. There is an irony to the abundance of Chinese turquoise in America as
all of the China turquoise sold is stabilized with plastic or treated in some way thus making the availability
of natural Chinese turquoise rare in today's market."

wpeB5.jpg (45523 bytes) wpeB6.jpg (9922 bytes)  wpeB7.jpg (10318 bytes)
  Rough Chinese turquoise is available by the pound for $600.00/Lb
  (See  http://www.cabbers.com/rough/turquiose/china_blue_turquoise.shtml   and
  http://www.cabbers.com/rough/turquiose/chinese_turquoise_rough.shtml )
  wpeB8.jpg (9780 bytes) wpeB9.jpg (9060 bytes) wpeBA.jpg (7640 bytes)
  wpeBB.jpg (12036 bytes) wpeBC.jpg (10128 bytes) wpeBD.jpg (9216 bytes)
                                                          Treated Chinese Turquoise
  wpe70.jpg (5585 bytes)  wpe71.jpg (9250 bytes) wpe72.jpg (5717 bytes)     wpe74.jpg (11197 bytes)  wpe75.jpg (5283 bytes)

wpe130.jpg (5465 bytes)

  Chipmonk - Esmeralda County, Nevada  This mine produces translucent green stones. 
  (Also known as Broken Arrow Mine)
  See description here - http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/minepage/minestory.html
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Cripple Creek   Colorado   
wpeF3.jpg (7437 bytes)  Turquoise here comes as a by-product of local gold mining. The turquoise
most often is seen as a drab green or dark blue with an undefined reddish brown matrix.
See also http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/minepage/minestory.html   The tailings from the Cripple
Creek gold mines were used in the 1950s as gravel for roads.  After a rain, children would come
come out and find little blue pieces of turquoise.  
Cripple Creek was the location of one of the most violent episodes in American history. Miners went
on strike for 5 months in 1894 to join a union for protection, when the Mine Owners sought to lower
minors' pay, lengthen the hours to be worked per day to ten and to make them work in more dangerous
conditions.  The violent history of American labor is never taught in schools and American movies
do not tell the story.  But it behooves us to know the truth.  Capital seems always ready to exploit labor. 
Read about it here.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cripple_Creek_miners'_strike_of_1894  
            wpe190.jpg (50809 bytes)
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Crow Springs - near Tonopah   AKA: Ann Jax and Bluebird)   This is newly producing set of
pit mines, the largest of which is 50' x 10' and 15' deep and a tunnel that goes 175' into the mountain.
The stones are mostly small, light green with a bright yellow or red rhyolite matrix..
See - http://www.silversun-sf.com/turquoise_info/ajax.htm

wpe130.jpg (30808 bytes) $798

wpe128.jpg (6417 bytes)   wpeA8.jpg (15904 bytes) $18.00 EBAY

wpe131.jpg (22456 bytes) $425.

wpe126.jpg (16899 bytes) $405. wpe127.jpg (17132 bytes) $220

wpe12C.jpg (20768 bytes)   From 1970s. wpe12D.jpg (13234 bytes)  EBAY $115.

wpe12E.jpg (12970 bytes) EBAY $65
wpe12F.jpg (3459 bytes)   This is quite nice.  Click on link to see it better.

  wpe148.jpg (3731 bytes)

Damali or Demele- 30 miles east of Austin, Nevada   Often there a mix of variscite and turquoise. 
It contains zinc, which turns the turquoise a distinctive green and makes it quite hard.   This is a definitely
rare color and a very collectible turquoise.  Variscite is not turquoise.
See - http://www.silversun-sf.com/turquoise_info/ajax.htm

wpeD4.jpg (20658 bytes)  wpe135.jpg (8437 bytes)   Variscite. 

wpe135.jpg (23199 bytes)

wpe94.jpg (7396 bytes)     wpe149.jpg (9803 bytes)

wpe134.jpg (21746 bytes)   $175    
wpe154.jpg (5294 bytes) $523 - very old.

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wpe167.jpg (6026 bytes) wpe168.jpg (6903 bytes) wpe169.jpg (6362 bytes) wpe16A.jpg (5852 bytes)
Visit http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/store/63/store.php to see more samples.
Danny Boy  - Nevada.

wpeFB.jpg (8659 bytes) $4.00/Ct.

Darling Darlene - Battle Mountain.   Extremely scarce.  Very rare.
  wpe14A.jpg (5557 bytes)

Easter Blue - 32 miles NW of Tonopah and 8 miles NW of the Royston turquoise area.
A light blue is more common than green. Moderately scarce. Mostly available in "thin veinlets".
   wpe131.jpg (7441 bytes)    wpeA8.jpg (15719 bytes) EBAY $435
   wpeE2.jpg (10997 bytes) wpeE3.jpg (8894 bytes)
  wpeDF.jpg (8388 bytes)  wpeDD.jpg (13938 bytes)  wpeDE.jpg (13592 bytes) 
wpeDB.jpg (9905 bytes)  wpeDC.jpg (18157 bytes) wpeE0.jpg (13438 bytes) wpeE1.jpg (10608 bytes)
All samples are from http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/categorypages/easterblue.html
Fox #3 - (Also known as Cortez) In Lander County near Crescent City, Nevada.
The mining was discontinued in early 1970s.  A major producer for a century. "It is said to have produced more
turquoise than all other mines in Navada put together."  http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo7.html

Naturally a greenish sky blue, its stones often have a spider web matrix. Uncut raw turquoise from this mine sells
for $250/Lb to $350/Lb.

The Fox turquoise mines are very productive.  Different sites of Fox turquoise deposits are named Fox, White Horse,
Green Tree and Smith have distinctive shades of blue and green turquoise.   Much of the blue Fox turquoise comes
from the White Horse mines.
See http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml    http://www.cabbers.com/rough/turquiose/fox_turquoise_rough.shtml
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wpe8B.jpg (9368 bytes)  wpe8C.jpg (20828 bytes)

When cut, backed and polished, it currently is on sale for about $20/Ct to $30/Ct 
Most stones have between 5 and 12 carats.

See - http://www.cabbers.com/cabs/turquoise/fox/fox_turquoise.shtml  
wpe77.jpg (8865 bytes) wpe7E.jpg (8394 bytes)  wpe7F.jpg (8158 bytes)wpe78.jpg (13916 bytes)   wpe7D.jpg (6666 bytes)wpe7C.jpg (9375 bytes)wpe79.jpg (9107 bytes) wpe7A.jpg (9563 bytes) wpe7B.jpg (7874 bytes)
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wpe8A.jpg (15706 bytes) wpe8B.jpg (12778 bytes)
wpe8C.jpg (9234 bytes) wpe8D.jpg (13967 bytes)
  wpe175.jpg (12848 bytes)  wpe174.jpg (6477 bytes) wpe176.jpg (6911 bytes)


   Less expensive Fox turquoise. $5/Ct.wpe91.jpg (44144 bytes)

  Easter Blue
wpe92.jpg (6375 bytes) wpe93.jpg (4742 bytes) wpe94.jpg (3921 bytes)

Godber  North east of Austin, Nevada.  Discovered in 1932. "The turquoise ranges from medium
to dark blue sometimes with a beautiful spider webbing. It has also been know for a very dark or black mottling
forming blotches and veins running through the stone. Godber-Burnham has always been considered a very high
quality turquoise. (Source:
http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo8.html   )

wpe115.jpg (29252 bytes)
You will also want to visit http://nevada-outback-gems.com/Rockhound/Godber_turquoise.htm
Turquoise from here is sufficiently hard to not need stabalization. Accordingly, prices are high:
sometimes $2500/lb and $25/ct.
"Extracting the gem rock is a hand labor intensive process (using) a moil –
a jack hammer like compressed air tool to peel away the barren parts of the rock to expose the turquoise bearing
clay seams. The clay seams themselves are dug with a screwdriver so the turquoise itself is not damaged during
the extraction process... (E)xplosives can induce fractures into the turquoise and cause it to be unusable.

Most of the Godber turquoise is found in nugget form – a boytryoidal aggregate that grows to become
one piece of turquoise – known as a “nugget”. These nuggets are often the best material at the mine, and
they are most commonly found in seams of clay. When they come out of the ground, they are covered with
the clay in which they grew – red, gold or even black, and they do not always show clearly the turquoise within."

wpe132.jpg (7718 bytes)

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wpe8F.jpg (8745 bytes)  wpe91.jpg (10730 bytes)

wpeA4.jpg (6976 bytes)

wpeC9.jpg (7019 bytes) $1,350 - sold

Haircross  - Lyon County, Nevada.  Hard. Blue to Green, Translucent.  Rare.
See http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo9.html

  - Southwestern New Mexico - in Grants County.  Located in the foothills of the Little Hatchet Mountains.
       The mine dates back to long before the arrival of Europeans.  Note the distinctive tan or golden brown matrix.
  This contains oxidized pyrite.  Production is very limited.  But this mine is still a source of larger stones. Working conditions
  in these old mines is difficult.  Temperatures are high and the mines are quite remote.
  See http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo8.html

wpeED.jpg (16688 bytes)   wpeA5.jpg (3954 bytes)
wpeE9.jpg (13086 bytes)  wpeE2.jpg (6863 bytes)
                                                                              See - http://www.theturquoisechick.com/specimens.htm   5.5 Ct.  $6.90

wpeF7.jpg (3170 bytes)

Hidalgo, Mexico
See - http://aztecmoon.com/product/MG921.jpg
wpeC9.jpg (48578 bytes)

Indian Mountain    or   Indian Blue

This mine produces some extraordinarily deep blue, spider-webbed matrix stones.
Sometimes the stpnes are green.  A spiderweb matrix is common to all the stones from this mine, which was
originally discovered by a Shoshone Native American shepherd.  The mine has no electricity.  It is high up on
the South slope of Bald Mountain, 14 miles South West of Cortez in Lander County.   There is an open pit
excavation which can only be searched from June to early October because of the heavy snow in the area. 
Producing  only about 3 pounds of turquoise a day, this turquoise is rare and much sought after by the best silversmiths.. 
See - http://nevada-outback-gems.com/mine_tour_turq/Indian_mtn/Indian_mountain.htm
and http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo9.html and
See spider web images at

wpe12C.jpg (6999 bytes)  wpe12D.jpg (6545 bytes)

wpe13A.jpg (20322 bytes) wpe13D.jpg (5595 bytes)

wpe139.jpg (28121 bytes)  wpe13B.jpg (12668 bytes)
wpe13C.jpg (11980 bytes) $385    wpe14B.jpg (4931 bytes)

Ithaca Peak   - This mine is above the Kingman Mine in NE Arizona.
  Its best stones contain a beautiful blue with a pyrite matrix and are expensive..  
wpe99.jpg (4355 bytes)    wpe11C.jpg (4850 bytes) wpe13E.jpg (6500 bytes)    I doubt if the stone's matrix naturally contains gold.  

  A much duller blue is moe common and inexpensive..
wpeEF.jpg (12452 bytes)  EBAY $125.
wpeF1.jpg (12423 bytes)  EBAY - $70.

  Kingman, Arizona  Area - Northwestern Arizona.  One of the largest turquoise mines.   High quality "Kingman blue"
  is an industry standard.  The intensity of the its deepest blue stones is striking.  Ithaca Peak produced many of the best
  specimens in the 1960s.  The vein has long been exhausted.   Closed in 1972, the Kingman mine was re-opened in 2004.
  "The new owners of the copper mine have contracted to dump anything with turquoise veining or nuggets into trucks
   for Marty Colbaugh Processing. About 95% of Kingman is stabilized which makes it very affordable. Of that stabilized
   stone, 50% is then shipped to China for cutting; the other half is sold in the rough to American artists and those in the
   turquoise trade. The remaining 5% of the Kingman turquoise stays in its natural state. The Kingman mine currently
  yields about 1600 pounds of rough stone per month with 2000 pounds being the highest yield yet. Therefore, Silver
  Sun has a ready supply of both natural Kingman and stabilized Kingman to use for our jewelry.
http://www.silversun-sf.com/turquoise_info/ajax.htmThe two stones to the right just below are claimed to
  be Kingman, too. They are at variance with what I recognize to be Kingman.

wpeF6.jpg (5026 bytes)

  See also http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo10.html    These stones are also green.

wpe96.jpg (4651 bytes)  wpeF3.jpg (23112 bytes)    Ebay $83.
wpe116.jpg (9948 bytes) wpe117.jpg (11841 bytes)
wpe98.jpg (6120 bytes) wpe99.jpg (4666 bytes) wpe9A.jpg (5553 bytes)

  Newer Kingman   readily available.
  wpeEA.jpg (17705 bytes)        wpeE1.jpg (10319 bytes)  4.5 Ct. $7.50 http://www.theturquoisechick.com/specimens.htm
Kingman Arizona Area.  Below is new material from Ithaca Peak in Kingman.  Note the matrix has
Pyrite and Quartz crystals.  These mines have not produced much turquoise since the 1970s.  I paid $200/Lb in 1974.
It is now $200/ounce.
wpe9C.jpg (25132 bytes)

See - http://www.cabbers.com/rough/turquiose/old_kingman_turquoise.shtml
wpeC0.jpg (18588 bytes) wpeC1.jpg (31255 bytes)
Kingman - "Old Man Mine"
$10/Ct. This from a small mine on Gem Mountain.  Very hard and blue with some green "marbling"
The turquoise from this area in the 1960s usually had a black matrix. 
    wpeB4.jpg (7461 bytes)    
      wpe9A.jpg (8619 bytes)    wpe9B.jpg (15068 bytes)
     http://www.indianvillage.com/arizonaturquoisemines.htm          The Kingman mine from a distance.
King's Manassa  - East of Manassa, Colorado.  This was mined for centuries before Europeans came..
oday King’s Manassa turquoise is "seen in an attractive green color with a beautiful golden matrix."
Landers County Blue. Very rare, sought after and very highly valued. Only a 104 pounds of this
deep blue, spider-webbed turquoise has been found since the original discovery in 1973.   See the private collection
of Marvin Symes, one of the three original owners of this mine.$100/Ct   There were no larger veins or zones of
wpe135.jpg (3540 bytes) wpe136.jpg (4279 bytes) wpe137.jpg (3187 bytes)
"Today, because of its rarity and value, there seems to be more Lander Blue for sale than was ever mined.
With very little provenance available when buying beautiful Lander Blue, this material has truly become a
case of ”Buyer Beware.”

See - http://www.cabbers.com/cabs/turquoise/landers_turquoise.shtml     A blackjack dealer, Rita Hapgood,
who was picnicking at Indian Creek, discovered Lander Blue.  It proved to be a "hat mine", meaning that one could
put a hat over the deposit.   She claimed the mine as the Mary Louise Lode Mining Claim and later sold the claim
to Marvin Syme and Henry Dorian. They founded the Lander Blue Turquoise Corporation and they worked the
deposit until its depletion. Lander Blue comes from a mine located between Battle Mountain and Tenabo in northern
Nevada.  Note its dark to light blue color and tightly laced black, spider web matrix.  It is stunning.  Because of its
beauty and very limited availability, due to closure of the mine, Lander Blue is a highly collectible turquoise worthy
of investment. Lander Blue turquoise is very probably  the most famous and expensive of the American turquoises.  

See more spider web images at


wpeB1.jpg (9595 bytes)  wpeB2.jpg (11641 bytes) wpeB3.jpg (7646 bytes)
wpeA8.jpg (5340 bytes)     wpeA7.jpg (8625 bytes)
http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml    http://www.cabbers.com/cabs/turquoise/landers_turquoise.shtml   

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  wpeA9.jpg (6337 bytes) wpeAA.jpg (6532 bytes)
wpeAE.jpg (9452 bytes) wpeAF.jpg (8994 bytes)
Lander's County #5  http://www.cabbers.com/cabs/turquoise/landers_turquoise.shtml
wpeAB.jpg (4975 bytes)
  New Lander turquoise is being mined near the Lander Blue Mine but has a green to yellow-green color, often with a
  beautiful dark spiderweb matrix. (
http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml )

  Last Chance - A small claim in Lander County Nevada.  Very rare.  Deep blue and black spiderweb.
wpe14C.jpg (5413 bytes)

Lone Mountain - Esmeralda County.  Also known as Blue Jay Mine.
It "holds its color well". (See -
http://www.silversun-sf.com/turquoise_info/ajax.htm )
wpe138.jpg (5877 bytes)
See more spider web images at
wpeA9.jpg (6147 bytes)                  wpeA1.jpg (7582 bytes) $133.
http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml             http://turquoisebuffalo.com/page/TBG/CTGY/lone-mountain

wpeF4.jpg (18570 bytes)                        wpe10E.jpg (16242 bytes)                   


Number #8 In Carlin (northern) Nevada. Now exhausted, the mine produced some of the largest nuggets. 
Often these have a large spider web matrix ranging from reddish brown to black.  First mined in 1929,  it was depleted
in 1961. Approximately 5,000 pounds were mined between 1929-1933. In 1950 a nodule weighing 150 pounds
was found. It is now at the Covered Wagon  in Old Town Albuquerque, New Mexico.  
"The host rock is intensely,
naturally altered quartz monzonite shale and thinly beaded black chert
. ( http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml   http://www.silversun-sf.com/turquoise_info/ajax.htm

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wpe127.jpg (10994 bytes)  wpe126.jpg (7391 bytes)

wpe136.jpg (6624 bytes)    wpe138.jpg (8075 bytes)

The stones from this mine vary from "light blue, blue with shades of green to beautiful dark blue. It is found with a
black, golden, red or brown matrix. With the black and red spider webbing being the most valued. Besides its
beautiful turquoise, Number 8 has also been known for the large nuggets the mine produced".  Number 8
turquoise are among "the most valuable stones that can be collected and one of the most beautiful that can be
used in jewelry. High-grade Number 8 turquoise is by far some of the finest turquoise to ever have come out of
Nevada." (Source:
http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo13. )

  See spiderweb images at   http://www.redstreakdesigns.com/turquoise%20files/turquoise/turquoise.html

wpeA6.jpg (10329 bytes)                       wpeF6.jpg (7098 bytes)
$4,260                                                                                          http://www.skystonetrading.com/turquoise.asp

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Set in Gold - http://turquoisebuffalo.com/page/TBG/PROD/2ET/A202

wpeAD.jpg (5366 bytes)                           wpe139.jpg (6873 bytes)
http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml       http://www.skystonetrading.com/turquoise.asp

wpeFF.jpg (3363 bytes) Below is an offering from EBAY.

wpeEB.jpg (15165 bytes) 
wpe10C.jpg (24422 bytes)      wpeF3.jpg (9081 bytes)  wpeF6.jpg (8955 bytes) wpeF7.jpg (9319 bytes)
Some more beautiful examples here. 
$1999 - http://www.silversun-sf.com/custom/items/b156.htm

Morenci, Arizona  - on the New Mexico - Arizona border, the Morenci Mine is the largest copper mine in
the US.  It stretches for miles and miles and the pits are thousands of feet fromt hhe top of the mountain.  The
modern use of crushing and acid washing has destroyed this source of deep blue, silver matrixed turquoise.

Quite common in the early 1970s when I made jewelry in Santa Fe. The stones are easily matched for larger pieces. 
Shadow boxing brought out the  silver-like pyrite matrix. Copper miners who "highgraded" or "lunch-boxed" the best
turqupose from the open pit mines were a primary source for many years,. 
wpe139.jpg (8222 bytes)

wpe13D.jpg (51237 bytes)
The best Morenci were distinctively deep blue and had a black iron-pyrite matrix that when polished had a silver luster. 
This made its appeal for settings in silver jewelry that much more fashionable.  The sample below is from the Metcalf Pit
in the Telegraph Hill area, 4500-4550 foot level and being hand dug.  There is very little being mined now. All in all,
it is very hard and offers the beholder a lovely natural blue.
For more information, see

:"The March 1977 edition of the “International Turquoise Annual” states, "Many years ago, while mining for copper,
workers unearthed a large zone of turquoise-bearing rock and, realizing its value, began working this zone,
neglecting the copper. In order to ensure copper production continuing, the copper company that held the mine
at the time took the entire turquoise deposit, which was extensive, and buried it under thousands of tons of
waste rock from the pit and it is still sitting there. Uncovering it would be too massive and expensive a project."
http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo12.html )

wpeB4.jpg (11757 bytes)   wpe119.jpg (9402 bytes)   wpe13E.jpg (8174 bytes)
See also  http://www.redstreakdesigns.com/turquoise%20files/turquoise/turquoise.html  

wpeC0.jpg (23452 bytes) $90.00 wpe11A.jpg (10242 bytes)
http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/categorypages/morenci.html   $6.00/Ct. compared to $.35/Ct. in 1994.

wpeA8.jpg (17242 bytes)  wpe13C.jpg (30079 bytes)
          EBAY 117Ct $80                                                                   
           wpeA2.jpg (14614 bytes)   wpeA3.jpg (9613 bytes)    wpe140.jpg (7748 bytes)
   See also  http://www.theturquoisechick.com/specimens.htm
      $226  http://www.silversun-sf.com/custom/items/p208.htm
wpe141.jpg (3762 bytes)   wpe142.jpg (6854 bytes)      wpe144.jpg (72966 bytes)

Nevada Blue Turquoise, Nevada  -  Its stones are a medium blue with a brown spider-web matrix.
  The mine is near the crest of the Shoshone range in Lander County.

See also http://www.redstreakdesigns.com/turquoise%20files/turquoise/turquoise.html

wpe133.jpg (5925 bytes)

wpeAC.jpg (5281 bytes)
    wpeF2.jpg (12460 bytes)   wpeF1.jpg (14770 bytes) $4.00/Ct/

Northern Lights, Nevada    This is at Cario Lake Valley in Lander County.  The Northern
Lights mine is located on the East side of Carico Valley, across the flat from the much better known
Carico Lake Mine at Aurora.  40 miles north of Austin, Nevada.  Stones are $2.25/Ct. to $4.00/Ct.
See http://nevada-outback-gems.com/turquoise_cabs/cut_turquoise_Northern_L.htm
wpeD8.jpg (5459 bytes) wpeD9.jpg (3787 bytes) 
wpeDC.jpg (1809 bytes) wpeDD.jpg (3744 bytes) wpeDE.jpg (4030 bytes) wpeDF.jpg (4034 bytes)
wpeCD.jpg (3498 bytes) wpeCE.jpg (3646 bytes) wpeCF.jpg (2632 bytes) wpeD0.jpg (3697 bytes)
  wpeD1.jpg (2281 bytes) wpeD2.jpg (2553 bytes) wpeD3.jpg (2761 bytes) wpeD4.jpg (2688 bytes)
wpeD5.jpg (3221 bytes) wpeD6.jpg (1920 bytes) wpeD7.jpg (1920 bytes)wpeE0.jpg (3395 bytes)

Orvil Jack Nevada,  
  wpeCA.jpg (5726 bytes)                                                wpe128.jpg (2660 bytes)                                    
http://www.skystonetrading.com/item.asp?ItemID=31571         http://www.usturquoise.com/  
  wpe128.jpg (6533 bytes)  wpe129.jpg (5431 bytes)
http://www.skystonetrading.com/turquoise.asp       Note vein of turquoise.
Pilot Mountain,

wpeF6.jpg (7133 bytes) Western Nevada, near Mina.  It was opened as a copper claim in 1930.  Then it
became an open it mine in 1970.   This produces only about 150-200 lbs. per year.   Pilot Mountain turquoise forms in thin
seams, with some nugget formations. According to the current owner, the turquoise that has formed in thin seams is high
grade with better, deeper blue-green colors. Most Pilot Mountain turquoise is called “grass roots,” meaning the best
deposits are found within ten feet of the surface.Pilot Mountain turquoise is highly admired for its deep blue-green color
. This stone also has very interesting matrix patterns, which range from red to brown to black, most notably a
rich tobacco brown.  Some of the matrix in high grade Pilot Mountain is beautiful spider web. Pilot Mountain turquoise is
a hard stone that takes a good polish. Because of this hardness, this stone does not change colors with prolonged exposure
to skin oils, etc.  
Pilot Mountain has nine federal mining claims operating where small miners conduct their mining two to
three times a year with very minimal tools - a back hoe and pick. This beautiful, high-grade stone looks like Royston, but
is priced at half the cost.
(See http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml
http://www.silversun-sf.com/turquoise_info/ajax.htm ) Lots of color variations from Pilot Mountain:
wpeAE.jpg (5720 bytes)     wpeC8.jpg (6465 bytes) $278

wpeCC.jpg (10976 bytes)   wpe118.jpg (11324 bytes) $1.60/Ct.

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  wpe11D.jpg (18450 bytes)  Offered on EBAY for $100.00 
   wpe14B.jpg (20160 bytes)    wpeF3.jpg (3735 bytes) Ebay 140 Ct.$70

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   wpeF7.jpg (11600 bytes)  EBAY $238.95 wpe115.jpg (13026 bytes) EBAY $185
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Red Moutain - At its best, this is superb turquoise.  Note its intricate spider web matrix with rust
colored veins.  Still producing.
Red Mountains top material is a hard compact spider web and is equal to any
of the classic turquoise mines such as Number Eight, Lone Mountain or Nevada Blue. Besides a dark blue color
with a dark matrix the mine produces colors in the blue green range with a stunning gold or rust-colored spider web."
( Source:
http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo14.html )

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                           wpe102.jpg (15672 bytes)     $3.00/Ct'

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   Royal Web

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, Nevada  Royston Mine.  24 miles north of Tonapah.  Also known as Royal Blue.
There were four turquoise claims: Bunker Hill,  Easter Blue (see above), Oscar Wehrend and Royal Blue.
These tunnel  mines were first discovered in 1902.  They were one of the most productive turquoise mines.
The host rock, rhyolite, gives Royston its often gold-colored matrix.   Some reports say these mines are
lardely exhausted.   ( http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml ) The colors vary from emerald green
to blue in the same rock From a silver mine. (See http://www.roystonturquoise.com/ )

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See also http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo14.html        http://www.skystonetrading.com/turquoise.asp    Npte vein.

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wpeF4.jpg (55495 bytes) $200 to $400/Pound

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  $699 - http://www.silversun-sf.com/custom/items/b122.htm
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  http://www.skystonetrading.com/item.asp?ItemID=31486        Offered on EBAY.

Sacred Buffalo

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Searchlight  South Western Nevada
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Shoshone North Western Nevada
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Silver Bell
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Sleeping Beauty - Seven miles from Globe, Arizona   A distinctive sky blue. A solid blue
without matrix.  Zuni Pueblo silversmiths especially use this for inlay jewelry. "
This mine is one of the
largest in North America. Monty Nichols, owner and miner of the Sleeping Beauty mine, says that the mine is
producing well, about 1600 pounds a month. Of that, only 4% is natural. Most of the turquoise from the mine,
80-90%, is altered in some way. Most of that percentage is enhanced, which is more expensive than stabilization,
and sold to large distributors in this country and Europe. Now, most of the turquoise that comes out of that mine
comes form the tons of tailings piles that have been accumulating all these years."
http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml )

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See - http://www.sbturquoise.com/  

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http://www.nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo15.html    http://www.skystonetrading.com/turquoise.asp

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See - http://www.theturquoisechick.com/specimens.htm
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  Commonly used in classic jewelry, where roundness and absence of matrixes are valued.
See - http://turquoise.facetroughgemstones.com/   

Shoshone Indan Mountain  - See Indian Mountain.
   The lode was discovered in 1970 by a Shoshone sheepherder who stumbled upon a vein of turquoise on a hillside
while tending his sheep. Eddy Mauzy and his family subsequently mined and marketed turquoise from this site to top
Southwest Indian artisans, and jewelry featuring unique turquoise Mountain was first featured prominently in Arizona
Highways magazine in the late 1970's.
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Stone Mountain -   This is a small Northn Nevada mine.
This mine usually offers a hard, dark blue turquoise that includes a blotchy, black chert matrix that resembles storm
clouds, hence the name Stormy Mountain. The mine is not presently active.

http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml )  But as you can see, green Stone Mountain turquopise
also looks like Blue Gem and Royston. This is sold at $2.60/Ct. 

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Stormy Mountain 
Mined in 70s after turquoise was discovered when a new road to an old copper mine
was being bull-dozed.  It produced veins that were as thick as an inch.  Not much from this mine is seen today.
  Some have noted that the backing for these stones was often a ground-up pyrite.  This was used to increase the
  weight of each stone before it was sold.  Source:
  Dark green to dark blue.  Hard.  Often these stones have a black blotchy chert that some say resembles
  a storm, hence the name of the mine. .
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See http://www.cabbers.com/cabs/turquoise/stormy_mountain_turquoise.shtml  

wpe141.jpg (15807 bytes) $815.
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sually green with a black matrix. Tibetans consider it to be a powerful stone which brings good fortune.
These cabochons are cut from antique beads hundreds of years old.  They are often set in gold.

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wpeE6.jpg (8813 bytes) wpeE7.jpg (9428 bytes)
  wpe123.jpg (17197 bytes)  Nepalese turquoise on EBAY.

See http://www.stonesnsilver.com/product/BST423/TonopahTurquoiseNVGraduatingPotatoNuggets16inStr.aspx
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Turquoise Mountain
In the 1960's, there were two peaks about miles apart located near the Kingman mountain, which yielded fine turquoise:
Ithaca Peak (see Kingman) and Turquoise Mountain Peak. Turquoise Mountain is light to high blue with both webbed
and non-webbed matrix. Birdseye describes stones from this mine that show areas of light blue circled with darker blue
matrix, resembling the eye of a bird. Even though this peak is part of the Kingman Mountain, it is considered a classic
mine in its own right because the turquoise is so different in appearance. This stone exhibits a beautiful range of color
from pale blue to lime green in one piece that makes it a sought-after turquoise. This mine was closed in the 1980's."
http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml )  The colors vary, but the classic color from this mine is robin's
egg blue with a "honey gold matrix".  But the same mine also produces a brilliant green
See also http://www.durangosilver.com/arizonaturquoisemines.htm

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$ 550. http://www.twinrocks.com/products/5843-Turquoise-Mountain-Turquoise-Pendant-Navajo-Victor-Begay.html
and  EBAY $230.
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http://www.e-pueblo.com/products/turquoise.shtml        Bracelet - $925

wpe128.jpg (8126 bytes) wpe129.jpg (10560 bytes) wpe12A.jpg (16299 bytes) $417

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Tyrone, New Mexico
- rare  Intense blue.  Rusty brown matrix.  Phelps Dodge near Silver City, NM
controlled this area.   "A discovery in 1893, the 'Elizabeth Pocket', proved to be the richest pocket ever in New Mexico.
All rock from this area north of Tyrone was shipped to Europe for $100 to $150 a carat weight at retail. It was a very
pure blue with small quartz crystals. However, turquoise has not been retrieved from that mining operation since the
early 1980's when Phelps Dodge changed its method of copper ore processing to crushing and acid wash. That method
destroys any turquoise in the copper ore.The Tyrone turquoise in new jewelry is from private stashes. It is medium brilliant
blue in its high grade form. Tyrone turquoise is part of the mineral band that starts east of Silver City and curves around
through Arizona and the Morenci turquoise mine area into Mexico. Today it is valued for both its beauty and rarity."
"The largest mine in the area was the Azure mine. It was located 10 miles southwest of Silver City and was opened
in 1891. It became not only the most famous turquoise mine in the area but the country. Pogue states in his 1915 classic
work on turquoise that "It has been operated in modern times more extensively than any other turquois mine in this country,
and its stones are the equal of the Persian gems.” In 1893 the famous “Elizabeth Pocket” was entered, which produced
more high-grade turquoise than any single deposit on record.” The Elizabeth Pocket was 100 feet long, 40 feet wide,
and 40 to 50 feet high. It was thought to be the riches vein of turquoise ever discovered. The cut cabochons were
marketed throughout the country with ads appearing in Harper’s and McClure’s magazines. Each gem was engraved
with a circle on the back with the ad stating, "None genuine without the ring O on the reverse side.” Azure turquoise,
because of its hardness, was guaranteed not to change color.

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See images at  http://www.redstreakdesigns.com/turquoise%20files/turquoise/turquoise.html

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  Villa Grove   SW os Villa Grove in San Luis Valley of Colorado.  Turquoise from here is
rare.  It is exquisite.
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  White Horse
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White Stallion - Navada.    White and Light Green.
Images of these stones and mor elike them appear at http://www.turquoiseamerica.com/jim2.htm
    They are for sale there.

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Unknown Mines

wpe136.jpg (39332 bytes) $723.

wpe138.jpg (26098 bytes) $625.

   wpe98.jpg (39836 bytes) 
   Bought in Tonopah pawn shop.  Offered on EBAY,  Starting bid $175,

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            http://stephan.net/dds/product/15321.html   $105.00
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